Public Use, Transportation Hub, Conference Centre
The Metropolitan Seaplane Port of Attica (MSPA) will be the largest seaplane transportation infrastructure in Europe and one of the largest in the world.
It is located in Elefsina and is easily accessible from the main airport of Athens and the City Center.
The flights will cover more than 88 destinations in remote and popular islands and towns in mainland Greece near the sea or a lake, encouraging a network of flight destinations that have not existed before.
The design aims to create a new DNA of a building infrastructure and transit stations where for the visitor the journey experience ceases to begin with the arrival at his destination but starts from the very first moment he enters the waterfront. The building will be a lively meeting point for local residents, businessmen, tourists and delegates.
The main core of the building is arranged in a circular layout, unfolding linearly along the pier. It is designing to visitors to navigate easily through the building 360 degrees vistas towards the Saronic Gulf, the city of Elefsina and the island of Salamina.
Elefsina both etymologically and historically is connected with the concept of transition. Persephone is snatched by god Pluto and led to the land of the Dead. The goddess Demeter, her mother and the goddess of fertility, ends up looking for her in Elefsina. The city is transformed into a place of worship of the goddess and a point of reference for the whole of Greece, since the most sacred initiation ceremony of antiquity, the Eleusinian Mysteries, unfolds. In her newer history, Elefsina, as an industrial city, welcomes many inward immigrants. As the core of the country’s industrial development, it has been generating wealth for many years, but at the same time activities that have an impact on the environment.
With the entrance to the building, the traveler enters the heart of the waterway, an interior patio with plenty of natural light including shops, seating areas and the main check-in desk. Its roof was designed as a sky garden and consists of a glass surface in which “wooden” vessels “float” with planting or otherwise islands of green.
On the floor of the atrium social contours are created (social contours), an embossed layout including amphitheatrical living rooms, plantings and integrated displays with information.
These two architectural elements converse and refer to the complex geomorphology of the country and to the myth of Demeter, defining an interesting “intermediate” space, movement, attitude, search, exploration, exhibition, communication …
Moving towards the gateways along the jetty, the traveler meets the organically delimited waiting areas overlooking the new waterborne jetties and the seagoing boats on either side.
Interspersed with a series of smaller scale outdoor patios with endemic plants such as lavender, thyme, almonds, olives. The atriums underline the sustainability of the building and witness the seasonal changes inside.
The single waiting area maintains its functional specifications and is treated as an extension of the external space and water element surrounding the building.
The building’s envelope consists of a double facade. It will use renewable energy sources for electricity, heating, cooling and hot water production and will have a low carbon footprint.
The building will incorporate planted tiles with appropriate drying vegetation that requires minimal maintenance. The planting of the rooms absorbs the heat, reduces the indoor temperature of the building to 10 ° C during the summer months and limits the heat loss during the winter.
The piers are floating and grow linearly with the larger ones being placed outdoors to signal the passage to the waterway. The proclamation of Eleusis as the European Capital of Culture for 2021 will temporarily change its stereotypical image and link it to culture.
The main aim of the study is the creation of a building that will contribute to the deactivation of Eleusis from its recent past and its transformation into a modern European city. The metropolitan watercourse will contribute to the upgrading of the wider region, stimulating the local economy and creating new jobs. Above all, the study by Pieris Architects aims to mark the transition of Elefsina from industrial to sustainable development.